A provisional and necessarily lossy translation to OWL. Please see www.ontologyportal.org for the original KIF, which is the authoritative source. This software is released under the GNU Public License www.gnu.org. YAGO mapping thanks to http://www.mpi-inf.mpg.de/~gdemelo/yagosumo/ . WordNet content thanks to http://wordnet.cogsci.edu Produced on date: Sun May 09 18:37:01 PDT 2010 The highest rating given by bond rating agencies AA a- rating An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a guided missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft. It is typically powered by one or more rocket motors, usually solid fuelled but sometimes liquid fuelled. (from Wikipedia) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7d/AAM-4.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4e/MiG-21_RB17.JPG/800px-MiG-21_RB17.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/05/R-3_Air-to-Air_Missile.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f1/USAF_F-15C_fires_AIM-7_Sparrow_2.jpg/600px-USAF_F-15C_fires_AIM-7_Sparrow_2.jpg AA m air-to-air missile The Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAV) (official designation AAV-7A1 (formerly known as LVT-7)) is the current amphibious troop transport of the United States Marine Corps and is also operated by other forces. The AAV-7A1 is a fully tracked amphibious landing vehicle manufactured by FMC Corporation. It is used by USMC Amphibious Assault Battalions to land the surface assault elements of the landing force and their equipment in a single lift from assault shipping during amphibious operations to inland objectives and to conduct mechanized operations and related combat support in subsequent mechanized operations ashore. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/armed_services/Marines/AAV.png AA v Amphibious Assault Vehicle An air-to-surface missile (also, air-to-ground missile, ASM or AGM) is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft (bombers, attack aircraft, fighter aircraft or other kinds) and strike ground targets on land, at sea, or both. They are similar to guided glide bombs but to be considered a missile, they usually contain some form of propulsion system. The two most common propulsion systems for air-to-surface missiles are rocket motors and jet engines. These also tend to correspond to the range of the missiles - short and long, respectively. Some Soviet air-to-surface missiles are powered by ramjets, giving them both long range and high speed. (from Wikipedia) http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/armed_services/missles_bombs/AGM-65.png AG m AGM missile AGM-114 Hellfire (Helicopter launched fire-and-forget) is a U.S. air-to-ground missile system designed to defeat tanks and other individual targets while minimizing the exposure of the launch vehicle to enemy fire. Hellfire uses laser guidance and is designed to accept other guidance packages. It is used on helicopters against heavily armored vehicles at longer standoff distances than any other U.S. Army missiles now in the inventory. The Hellfire II is the optimized version of the laser family of Hellfire missiles. The Longbow Hellfire Modular Missile System is an air-launched, radar aided, inertially guided missile that utilizes millimeter-wave radar technology. Despite the expanded acronym, most versions of the Hellfire missile are not truly fire-and-forget -- all the laser-guided versions require constant illumination or painting of the target from launch to impact. The AGM-114L is a true fire-and-forget weapon: it requires no further guidance after launch and can hit its target without the launcher being in line of sight of the target. The Hellfire (along with the Maverick and the air-launched TOW) was to be replaced by the Joint Common Missile (JCM) around 2011. The JCM was developed with a tri-mode seeker and a multi-purpose warhead that would combine the capabilities of the several Hellfire variants. In the budget for FY2006, the US Department of Defense canceled a number of projects that they felt no longer warranted continuation based on their cost effectiveness, including the JCM. Due to the U.S. military's continuing need for a proven precision-strike aviation weapon in the interim until a successor to the JCM is fielded, as well as extensive foreign sales, it is likely the Hellfire will be in service for many years. (from Wikipedia) http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/armed_services/missles_bombs/AGM-65.png AG m114 AGM-114 Hellfire missile The AGM-65 Maverick is an air-to-surface tactical missile (ASM) designed for close air support, prohibition, and forceful prevention. It is effective against a wide range of tactical targets, including armor, air defenses, ships, ground transportation, and fuel storage facilities. The AGM-65F (infrared targeting) used by the US Navy has an infrared guidance system optimized for ship tracking and a larger penetrating warhead than the shaped charge used by the US Marine Corps and the US Air Force (300 pounds (136 kg) vs 125 pounds (57 kg)). The AGM-65 has two types of warheads, one has a contact fuze in the nose, and the other has a heavyweight warhead with a delayed fuze, which penetrates the target with its kinetic energy before firing. The latter is most effective against large, hard targets. The propulsion system for both types is a solid-fuel rocket motor behind the warhead. (from Wikipedia) http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/armed_services/missles_bombs/AGM-65.png AG m65 AGM-65 Maverick missile The Bell AH-1 Cobra, called the Huey Cobra, Cobra, Sea Cobra, or Snake (depending on the model), is an attack helicopter, designed by Bell Helicopter Textron. It shares a common engine, transmission and rotor system with the UH-1. It is now fully replaced by the AH-64 Apache in US Army service, but upgraded versions continue to fly with US Marine Corps, US Navy and several other users. (from Wikipedia) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/7/7a/Ah1gm35.jpg/250px-Ah1gm35.jpg A h1 AH-1 Cobra The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a heat-seeking, short-range, air-to-air missile carried by fighter aircraft and recently, certain gunship helicopters. It is named after the Sidewinder snake, which also detects its prey via body heat. The Sidewinder was the first truly effective air-to-air missile, widely imitated and copied. Its latest variants remain in active service with many air forces. (from Wikipedia) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Aim-9l.JPEG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/66/Sidewider_missile_20040710_145400_1.4.jpg/800px-Sidewider_missile_20040710_145400_1.4.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/be/AIM-120_AMRAAM_and_AIM-9_Sidewinder.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a9/AIM_9L_Sidewinder_p1220802.jpg/800px-AIM_9L_Sidewinder_p1220802.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/AIM_9M_Sidewinder_p1220807.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/AIM-9_Sidewinder_on_AMX.JPG/800px-AIM-9_Sidewinder_on_AMX.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ba/Northrop_YF-5A_with_sidewinder_missiles_060905-F-1234S-003.jpg AI m9 AIM-9 Sidewinder missile OCH An AMRadioStation is an engineeringSubcomponent of an AMRadioSystem. AM radio station An AMRadioSystem consists of Radios, AMRadioStations, and other components that work together to make AM radio broadcasting possible in a given area. AM radio system IZM All-or-none order (AON) is a type of option order which requires that the order be executed completely or not at all. An AON order may be either a day order or a GTC order. AON order Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. They usually have only a machine gun although variants carry recoilless rifles, anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs), or mortars. They are not really designed to take part in a direct-fire battle, but to carry the troops to the battlefield safe from shrapnel and ambush. They may have wheels or tracks. Examples include the American M113 (tracked), M2 Bradley, the British FV 432 (tracked), the French VAB (wheeled), the German Boxer MRAV (wheeled) and the Soviet BTR (wheeled). (from Wikipedia) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/VAB_armoured_personnel_carrier_DSC00846.jpg/200px-VAB_armoured_personnel_carrier_DSC00846.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/M113-ambulance-fallujah.jpg/250px-M113-ambulance-fallujah.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7c/M113-fort-jackson-1966.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/120-2048_IMG.JPG/180px-120-2048_IMG.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Bt7_6.jpg/180px-Bt7_6.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Schweizer_Armee_Universal_Carrier.jpg/120px-Schweizer_Armee_Universal_Carrier.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/VAB_armoured_personnel_carrier_DSC00846.jpg/800px-VAB_armoured_personnel_carrier_DSC00846.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cf/M113.jpg/180px-M113.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/JGSDF_Type60_APC.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/British_Mark_IX_Armoured_Personnel_Carrier.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dc/LAV25-1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a7/Armored-car-batey-haosef-9-1.jpg/800px-Armored-car-batey-haosef-9-1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Swedish_Pbv_302_IFOR_Bosnia.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Armenian_Presidential_Elections_2008_Protest_Day_11_-_French_Embassy_Demonstration_APC_130pm.jpg/800px-Armenian_Presidential_Elections_2008_Protest_Day_11_-_French_Embassy_Demonstration_APC_130pm.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Type_63_APC_at_the_Beijing_Military_Museum_-_rear_door.jpg/765px-Type_63_APC_at_the_Beijing_Military_Museum_-_rear_door.jpg AP c armored personnel carrier APH The APucikwarLanguage is a CentralGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: APQ. ISO 639-2: mis. Population: 36 (1997 CIIL). Region: Andaman Islands, Boratang Island, south coast of Middle Andaman Island, northeast coast of South Andaman Island. Alternate names: PUCIKWAR, PUCHIKWAR. Comments: Bilingualism in Hindi. Language shift to Hindi taking place. CIIL working to revive A-Pucikwar. Other languages in the Central Andamanese group are extinct. Great Andamanese is classified as a Scheduled Tribe in India, and Puchikwar is a subtribe. Dictionary. Grammar. Literacy rate in first language: Below 1%. Nearly extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) A pucikwar language ASEAN regional forum (Automatic Teller Machine) A banking terminal that accepts deposits and dispenses cash. ATMs are activated by inserting a cash or credit card that contains the user's account number and PIN on a magnetic stripe. The ATM calls up the bank's computers to verify the balance, dispenses the cash and then transmits a completed transaction notice. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/ATM_750x1300.jpg/180px-ATM_750x1300.jpg ATM machine A narrow opening in an ATM machine where cards are inserted. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d3/Diebold_-_Opteva_562_-_Banco_Internacional_-_OutSide_-_Close_up_-_Coin_Dispernser.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/79/Perto_-_Banco_Guayaquil_2_-_Low_Quality_ATM.JPG ATM slot AAH The AalandIslands form a partly autonomous Archipelago in the BalticSea that is administratively part of Finland, but is populated mostly by ethnic Swedes. AAL The AariyaLanguage is a language of unknown classification from India. SIL code: AAR. ISO 639-2: mis. Population: No estimate available. Region: Madhya Pradesh.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aariya language DIR ABD ABF ABA ABW A traditional long black overgarment worn by conservative Arab woman that cover the body from the shoulders down to the feet. abayah YXX GLA EAB AEH AEA OGO ABR GZS ABI ABB ABG The AbinomnLanguage is a language isolate spoken in Indonesia (Irian Jaya). SIL code: BSA. ISO 639-2: paa. Population: 300 (1999 Clouse and Donohue). Region: Lakes Plain area, from the mouth of the Baso River just east of Dabra at the Idenburg River to its headwaters in the Foya Mts., Jayapura Kabupaten, Mamberamo Hulu Kecamatan. Alternate names: AVINOMEN, 'BASO', FOYA, FOJA. Comments: Completely unrelated to any language in the area. Very eager for literacy. Want to make their own dictionary and write their traditional stories. They strongly dislike the name 'Baso.' SOV. Schooling is very low.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) abinomn language The AbishiraLanguage is a language of unknown classification from Peru. SIL code: ASH. ISO 639-2: sai. Population: In 1925 there were 55 to 75 speakers. Region: Puerto Elvira on Lake Vacacocha on the Napo River. Alternate names: ABIQUIRA, AUISHIRI, AGOUISIRI, AVIRXIRI, ABIGIRA, IXIGNOR, VACACOCHA, TEQURACA. Comments: Distinct from Aushiri (M. R. Wise SIL 1987). Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) abishira language AbkhazLanguage is a NorthCaucasianLanguage spoken mainly in Abkhazia and Turkey. Any AnatomicalStructure which is not normally found in the Organism of which it is a part, i.e. it is the result of a PathologicProcess. This class covers tumors, birth marks, goiters, etc. abnormal anatomical structure ABO To exit a function or application without saving any data that has been changed. abort Removing a human fetus from a Pregnant woman in such a way that the fetus cannot survive. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/27/Pro-life_protest.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3e/FrenchPeriodicalPills-January61845%2CBostonDailyTimes.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/RussianAbortionPoster.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/March_for_Women%27s_Lives_detail.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/fe/Angkordemon.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/29/AbortionLawsMap.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7c/Abortionmethods.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/AGIAbortionReasonsBarChart.png aborting AOD This is a PositionalAttribute derived from the up/down schema and not involving contact. Note that this means directly above, i.e., if one object is Above another object, then the projections of the two objects overlap. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e0/Above_%28artist%29.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/89/ATLAS_Above.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/62/Herodium_from_above.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c9/Above_the_clouds.jpg above The upper level publications in the hierarchy of joint publications which includes capstone, keystone, and other key joint doctrine publications that the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff signs and are intended to be used by combatant commanders, subunified commanders, joint task force commanders, Service Chiefs, and Joint Staff directors. above the line above the line CJS GJI AJS An extremely toxic protein found in the seeds of the rosary pea. Its mechanism, symptoms, and treatment are very similar to those of RicinToxin. However, AbrinToxin is roughly 75 times more toxic than RicinToxin. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/21/Abrus_precatorius_pods.jpg abrin toxin A type of Altimeter that measures vertical distance to the surface below, using radio, radar, sonic, laser, or capacitive technology. absolute altimeter absolute altimeter A NuclearWeapon which, when launched at or emplaced on a target, fails to explode. absolute dud absolute dud A filter capable of cutting off 100% by weight of solid particles greater than a stated micron size. We do not make AbsoluteFilter a subclass of Filter since the latter is used for liquid mixtures! absolute filter absolute filter The value of (AbsoluteValueFn ?NUMBER) is the absolute value of the RealNumber ?NUMBER. absolute value Properties or qualities as distinguished from any particular embodiment of the properties/qualities in a physical medium. Instances of Abstract can be said to exist in the same sense as mathematical objects such as sets and relations, but they cannot exist at a particular place and time without some physical encoding or embodiment. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/Black_Square.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Theo_van_Doesburg_Counter-CompositionV_%281924%29.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/39/Kandinsky_white.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9c/Mondrian_Comp10.jpg abstract A UnaryFunction that maps a Class into the instance of Attribute that specifies the condition(s) for membership in the Class. abstraction This is a subclass of TimingRequirementAttribute, which includes Instrument-AbstractionLevel, Method-AbstractionLevel, Object-AbstractionLevel, Task-AbstractionLevel, and TaskGroup-AbstractionLevel. abstraction level attribute ABS ABV The AbunLanguage is a NorthBirdsHeadLanguage of Indonesia (Irian Jaya). SIL code: KGR. ISO 639-2: paa. Population: 3,000 (1995 SIL). Region: North coast and interior of central Bird's Head, north and south of Tamberau ranges. Sorong Kabupaten, Ayamaru, Sausapor, and Moraid kecamatans. About 20 villages. Alternate names: YIMBUN, A NDEN. Dialects: ABUN TAT (KARON PANTAI), ABUN JI (MADIK), ABUN JE. Comments: Literacy rate in first language: 5% to 15%. Bible portions 1991-1995.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) abun language A Certificate that demonstrates that the holder of the Certificate has successfully completed an EducationalProgram. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c7/Juniorcert1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b7/SheepskinDiploma.jpg academic degree ARA ACD ARF AGV The AcatepecTlapanecoLanguage is a SubtiabaTlapanecLanguage of Mexico. SIL code: TPX. ISO 639-2: nai. Population: 33,000 including over 10,000 monolinguals (1994 SIL). Region: Acatepec, Guerrero, Zapotitlan Tablas Municipio: Huitzapula, Ayotoxtla, Excalerilla, Huiztlatzala, Acatepec Municipio: Acatepec, Apetzuca, Tenamazapa, Barranca Pobre, Mezcalapa, Metlapilapa, Tres Cruces, El Salto, Zochitepec, Caxitepec, Platanillo municipio: Nanzintla, Teocuitlapa. Alternate names: WESTERN TLAPANEC, ME'PHAA. Dialects: ACATEPEC, ZAPOTITLAN TABLAS, PLATANILLO. Comments: 83% intelligibility of Malinaltepec, 79% of Tlacoapa. Many bilingual school teachers from Malinaltepec. Primary schools in most villages, secondary schools in major centers. Investigation needed: intelligibility with dialects. Mountain slope. Swidden agriculturalists. 5,000 to 6,000 feet.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) acatepec tlapaneco language Increasing the speed with which someone or something is moving. accelerating AcceptsICJJurisdiction is the Attribute of a legal system that accepts rulings of the InternationalCourtOfJustice. acceptsICJ jurisdiction MFV An Attribute of an Organization, that specifies that the primary business of the organization involves Accommodation and Food Services. accommodation and food services A unary function that maps a FinancialAsset to the FinancialAccount associated with the Asset. account The Profession of being an Accountant. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Fuggerkontor.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Haushaltsbuch_1933.jpg accountant Any process of certifying an EducationalOrganization. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Accreditation.jpg accrediting AchievingControl is the class of all events in which an Agent gains physical control over some object. SRG The AchterhoeksLanguage is a LowSaxonGroupLanguage of the Netherlands. SIL code: ACT. ISO 639-2: gem. Population: No estimate available. Region: Northeastern, Gelderland Province. Alternate names: ACHTERHOEK, AACHTERHOEKS. Comments Bilingualism in Dutch. Official language.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) achterhoeks language The AchuarShiwiarLanguage is a JivaroanLanguage of Peru. SIL code: ACU. ISO 639-2: sai. Population: 3,000 to 3,500 in Peru. Population total both countries: 5,000 to 5,500. Region: Morona, Macusari, Tigre, Huasaga, and Corrientes rivers. Alternate names: ACHUAR, ACHUAL, ACHUARA, ACHUALE, JIVARO, MAINA. Comments: Different from Shuar (Jivaro) of Ecuador. Bilingual level estimates for Spanish are 0 90%, 1 6%, 2 3%, 3 1%, 4 0%, 5 0%. Dictionary. Grammar. SOV. Literacy rate in first language: 10% to 30%. Literacy rate in second language: 1%. NT 1981-1994. Also spoken in: Ecuador. (Language name: ACHUAR-SHIWIAR.) Population: 2,000 in 7 villages in Ecuador. Alternate names: ACHUAR, ACHUAL, ACHUARA, ACHUALE, JIVARO, MAINA. Comments: Bilingual level estimates for Shuar are 0 60%, 1 20%, 2 10%, 3 7%, 4 3%, 5 0%. Many people in the Ecuador group seem to be fairly bilingual in Shuar, but their comprehension is limited. SOV. Tropical forest. Interfluvial. Swidden agriculturalists, hunters-gatherers, fishermen. 150 to 500 meters. Traditional religion. NT 1981.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) achuar shiwiar language ACU http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/83/Waterspecies.gif http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9f/Origins.gif http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0c/Acid_rain_woods1.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5b/Pollution_-_Damaged_by_acid_rain.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/75/Gavin_Plant.JPG acid rain issue AcidRainfall is the subclass of Raining in which the precipitate contains harmful amounts of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide. The standard for acid rain is below 5.6 pH. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/weather/scenes/cause_of_acid_rain.png http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/weather/rain_acid.png acid rainfall Acidification is the process of lowering soil and water pH due to acid rain or other types of acid deposition. Potential harmful effects include killing freshwater fish and plants. acidification acidification issue A UnitOfMeasure equal to 4840 square yards. acre A PureTwopole that accumulates across variable. across variable accumulator A Source that models a generator of across variable. across variable source Silvery radioactive metallic element, belongs to group 3 of the periodic table. The most stable isotope, Ac-227, has a half-life of 217 years. Ac-228 (half-life of 6.13 hours) also occurs in nature. There are 22 other artificial isotopes, all radioactive and having very short half-lives. Chemistry similar to lanthanum. Used as a source of alpha particles. Discovered by A. Debierne in 1899. Actinium 89 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Ac-TableImage.png actinium active This RelationalAttribute describes an agent of a DramaticPerformance. Any TwoDimensionalAngle that has an angularMeasure that is less than 90 AngularDegrees. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ee/Angle_obtuse_acute_straight.svg acute angle ADT ADK AdamorobeSignLanguage is a DeafSignLanguage of Ghana. SIL code: ADS. ISO 639-2: sgn. Population: 300 deaf in the village, 3,000 including hearing people (1998 GILLBT). Region: Adamorobe, a village in the Eastern Region. The district capital is Aburi. Comments: All ages, evenly distributed. 15% deafness in the population, one of the highest percentages in the world, caused by genetic recessive autosome. The village has been settled for 200 years. It is an indigenous deaf sign language, also used by many hearing people. Most users have no contact with Ghanaian Sign Language. They are considered to be full citizens. Agriculturalists, firewood traders.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) adamorobe sign language LIT The City of Adana in Turkey. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/Adana_Merkez_Camii.jpg adana turkey EKX The City of AddisAbaba in Ethiopia. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Ethiopia.png/250px-Ethiopia.png addis ababa ethiopia ADS A RelationalAttribute that indicates an address where an Agent can regularly be contacted. address (AddressFn ?FILE) returns as its value the physical address of the ComputerFile ?FILE. address The City of Aden in Yemen. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/35/Aden01_flickr.jpg aden yemen SLK JOG SOC Used to assert that an object ?OBJ1 is close to, near or abutting ?OBJ2. This PositionalAttribute covers the following common sense notions: adjoins, abuts, is contiguous to, is juxtaposed, and is close to. adjacent One of the parts of speech. The Class of Words that conventionally denote Attributes of Objects. adjective An InterestBearingAccount in which the interest rate is adjusted periodically, usually based on a standard market rate outside the control of the bank or savings institution, such as that prevailing on TreasuryBill or the primeInterestRate. adjustable rate account AER administration and management An Attribute of an Organization, that specifies that the primary business of the organization involves Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services. administrative and support and waste management and remediation services ADB The City of Adora in WestBank. adora west bank AdvancedDevelopingCountry is an Attribute used to describe a LessDevelopedCountry (LDC) that is undergoing rapid industrial development. Also called 'newly industrializing economy' (or 'country'). advanced developing country AdvancedEconomy is an Attribute used to represent the InternationalMonetaryFund's top category of development levels (AdvancedEconomy,, countries in transition, and developing countries. Generally (but not exactly) corresponds with DevelopedCountry classification used by UnitedNations agencies. advanced economy An instance of Advent (LatinLanguage adventus = coming) is a TimeInterval that begins with an AdventSunday and includes the four Sundays preceding an instance of ChristmasDay. During this period, observant members of Christianity ritually anticipate the recurring celebration of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. Note that Advent is observed only in Western Christianity, which includes RomanCatholicism, Protestantism, and Anglicanism. The analog of Advent in Eastern Christianity, which includes EasternOrthodoxChristianity, is the Nativity Fast, which differs from Advent in length and significance. An instance of AdventSunday is a Sunday that begins an instance of Advent. One of the parts of speech. The Class of Words that conventionally denote Attributes of Processes. adverb A Disseminating whose purpose is to promote the sale of an Object represented in a Text or Icon (the advertisement). http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/37/Smithwick%27s_ale_billboard_NYC_May_2005.jpg advertising advisory committee AEG Combining a substance with Air. aerating A Device whose purpose is to mix Substances with Air. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/42/Faucetaerator..jpg aerator An RecreationOrExerciseDevice whose purpose is to develop the cardiovascular system. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/6/61/Treadmill.jpg/180px-Treadmill.jpg aerobic exercise device LPG AEP LAD GIG GRU SDU LIS TER CGH LEN SCL RVY STY MTY CUR DAV MEX EZE LIM HAV MQV PMV CCS NTR BQN BCN SDQ AerosolParticulate is a Substance that includes aerosol-dispersed particles that are mixed with air, gas, or smoke. A form of Pollution. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0f/Aerosol-India.jpg aerosol particulate aerosol particulate issue A BiochemicalAgent that has been divided into particles so minute that they can be easily dispersed in the air and inhaled by Humans or Animals. AerosolizedAgents tend to be more lethal and to affect a larger area. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0f/Aerosol-India.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Luftguete_messstation.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/6f/US-PM2.5-nonattainment-2007-06.png aerosolized agent Also known as weaponized anthrax. These are spores of BacillusAnthracis that have been separated to the point that they can be dispersed in the air and easily inhaled by crowds. aerosolized bacillus anthracis The AfarLanguage is a CushiticLanguage spoken in Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti, and is thought to have about 1.5 million speakers as of April 2008. See the <a href=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afar_language>Wikipedia article on Afar language</a>. Afforestation is the process of planting trees and plants on spaces that are either empty or in agricultural use. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/24/Poster36.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Secondary_succesion_cm01.jpg afforestation afghan afghani afghan afghani coin The Nation of Afghanistan. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/flags/Countries/A/afghanistan.png afghanistan The AfittiLanguage is a NyimangLanguage of the Sudan. SIL code: AFT. ISO 639-2: ssa. Population: 4,512 (1984 R. C. Stevenson). Region: Northern Sudan, Nuba Hills, eastern Jebel ed Dair. Main center is Sidra. Alternate names: DITTI, UNIETTI, AFFITTI, DINIK. Comments: Not inherently intelligible with Nyimang. 59% lexical similarity with Nyimang. Investigation needed: bilingual proficiency. Muslim.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) afitti language The disease has rarely been observed in humans, but it can cause severe damage to the liver, including cirrhosis and liver cancer, in a large number of animal species. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9b/Aspergillus.gif aflatoxicosis Toxins produced by fungi of the strains Aspergillus Flavus and Aspergillus Parasiticus. There are four varieties of Aflatoxin, viz. B1, B2, G1, and G2. B1 is most common and most toxic. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7b/Aflatoxin_B1.png aflatoxin CWB AFR http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/geography/continents/africa.png africa http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2c/Ridley_road_market_dalston_1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/32/Rio_Ferdinand%2C_2004.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4e/MichaelJohnson02.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/85/Tate.britain.arp.750pix.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9e/Goldie_2003.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Africa_shopping.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/Leicester_Caribbean_carnival.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/5/51/Notting_Hill_Carnival_2002_large.jpg african caribbean and pacific group of states http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/0a/AFDB_Logo.gif african development bank An AfrikaansBasedCreoleLanguage is a CreoleLanguage using a grammatical and core lexical foundation of the AfrikaansLanguage.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) afrikaans based creole language The AfrikaansLanguage is a LowFranconianLanguage of SouthAfrica. SIL code: AFK. ISO 639-1: af. ISO 639-2: afr. Population: 6,200,000 in South Africa (1991 Christos van Rensburg), of whom 1,000,000 are native bilinguals with English (1989 J. Holm), 15.1% of the population (1995 The Economist). 4,000,000 in South Africa use it as a second or third language (1989 J. Holm). Population total all countries: 6,381,000. Including second language users: 10,000,000 (1999 WA). Region: Pretoria and Bloemfontein are principal centers of population. Cape Malays live mainly in Capetown, with some in Johannesburg, Pretoria, Durban, and Port Elizabeth. Also spoken in Australia, Botswana, Canada, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, New Zealand, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Dialects: CAPE AFRIKAANS (WEST CAPE AFRIKAANS), ORANGE RIVER AFRIKAANS, EAST CAPE AFRIKAANS. Comments: A variant of the Dutch spoken by the 17th century colonists, with some lexical and syntactic borrowings from Malay, Bantu languages, Khoisan languages, Portuguese, and other European languages. Their ancestors were brought from Java 300 years ago. 150,000 Cape Malays speak Afrikaans, some also speak English. National language. Cape Malays: builders, carpenters. Cape Malay: Muslim, Christian. Bible 1933-1983. Also spoken in: Botswana. (Language name: AFRIKAANS. Population: 20,000 in Botswana (1995 LBT). Comments: Spoken as mother tongue by Afrikaners (Ghanzi District) and by people of mixed racial background (Kweneng and Kgalagadi districts). Literacy rate in first language: 100% in Ghanzi, 50% in Kweneng and Kgalagadi. Literacy rate in second language: 75% in Kweneng and Kgalagadi districts in Tswana, 50% in English, few in Ghanzi District in Tswana, most in English. Christian. Bible 1933-1983. Also spoken in: Malawi. (Language name: AFRIKAANS.) Comments: Spoken by people of Dutch descent from South Africa. Bible 1933-1983. Also spoken in: Namibia. (Language name: AFRIKAANS.) Population: 133,324 in Namibia (1991 census). Used by 25% of the population in Windhoek in their homes (1995 census). Comments: It formerly had official status. Bible 1933-1983. Also spoken in: Zambia. (Language name: AFRIKAANS.) Comments: Language of wider communication. Bible 1933-1983.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) afrikaans language An AfroAsiaticLanguage is any one of 372 languages forming a major family of languages of Africa and Asia.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) afro asiatic language The AfroSeminoleCreoleLanguage is a NorthEasternAtlanticEnglishBasedCreoleLanguage of the UnitedStates. SIL code: AFS. ISO 639-2: cpe. Population: No estimate available. Region: Bracketville, Texas and El Nacimiento, Coahuila, Mexico. Alternate names: AFRO-SEMINOLE, SEMINOLE, BLACK SEMINOLE. Dialects: TEXAS, MEXICO. Comments: Separated from coastal Sea Islands Creole between 1690 and 1760. Similar to Sea Islands Creole of USA and Bahamas Creole. 90% lexical similarity with Sea Islands Creole. Speakers use English or Spanish as second language. No speakers left in Oklahoma. 'Probably absorbed by Bahamian on Andros Island, and by Spanish in Cuba.' Also spoken in: Mexico. (Language name: AFRO-SEMINOLE CREOLE). Population: Several hundred (1990). Alternate names: AFRO-SEMINOLE, AFRO-SEMINOL CRIOLLO. Dialects: MEXICO AFRO-SEMINOLE. Comments: Separated from coastal Sea Islands Creole between 1690 and 1760. 'The variety in Mexico has not been described' (J. Holm 1989:496). Similar to Bahamas Creole. 90% lexical similarity with Sea Islands Creole. Bilingualism in Spanish. Only spoken by older people in Nacimiento.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) afro seminole creole language The class of TimeIntervals that begin at noon and end at Sunset. afternoon Aftershock is the subclass of EarthTremors that occur after the main tremor(s) of an Earthquake. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Izmit_11-12-99.gif aftershock AFO The City of Afula in Israel. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/45/Afula_City_Auditorium_and_Art_Gallery_01.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/00/Migdalafula.jpg afula israel AFY AJY NGM IXA AGX AUP The AgavotaguerraLanguage is a language of unknown classification from Brazil. SIL code: AVO. ISO 639-2: sai. Population: 100 (1986 SIL). Region: Mato Grosso, Xingu Park, between the Curisevo and Culuene rivers, near the Kuikuro. Alternate names: AGAVOTOKUENG, AGAVOTOQUENG. Comments: May be Arawakan, related to Waura and Yawalapiti.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) agavotaguerra language A GroupOfPeople whose members all have the same age. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/13/HappyPensioneer.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5a/Sabaa_Nissan_Militiaman.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/Senescence.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/0a/Median_age.png age group AGF A CommercialAgent whose customers are all other CommercialAgents, e.g. staffing agencies, food-service providers, etc. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e1/CNN-globe-logo.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/14/CNN_International.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b5/Cia-lobby-seal.jpg agency agency for the french speaking community agency for the prohibition of nuclear weapons in latin america and the caribbean Something or someone that can act on its own and produce changes in the world. agent A Function that returns the BiologicalAgent composed of the given Organism in a Solution of Mixture. Instances of AgentPatientProcess have at least one agent and at least one patient. Unlike instances of IntentionalProcess, the agent need not be a CognitiveAgent. Cf. other high-level subclasses of Process, such as DualObjectProcess, InternalChange, and Motion. A Vehicle which is powered by one or more of its passengers or driver, for example, a Bicycle. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ce/Mountainbike.jpg/300px-Mountainbike.jpg agent powered vehicle AGZ Of the six AwyuLanguages, two closely related languages are classified as an AghuGroupLanguage.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aghu group language The AghuIndonesianLanguage is an AghuGroupLanguage of Indonesia (Irian Jaya). SIL code: AHH. ISO 639-2: paa. Population:3,000 (1987 SIL). Region: South coast area along the Digul River west of the Mandobo language, Merauke Kabupaten, Jair Kecamatan. Comments: Different from Aghu of Australia. Grammar.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aghu indonesian language The AghuTharnggaluLanguage is a RarmulPamaLanguage of Australia. SIL code: GGR. ISO 639-2: aus. Region: Queensland, Cape York Peninsula, Laura. Comments: Recently extinct. Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aghu tharnggalu language AGW LUG One who subscribes to Agnosticism. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/RobertGIngersoll.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/ThomasHenryHuxley.jpg agnostic The BeliefGroup of members who hold no belief on the existence or non-existence of God. agnosticism ING AGR Agreement is the class of Propositions that express the contents of agreements entered into by CognitiveAgents. Agreement includes treaties, contracts, purchase orders, pledges, marriage vows, etc. An Agreement may be written down in a document or other ContentBearingObject. agreement (AgreementOrganizationFn ?AGR) denotes the official Organization established by the Agreement ?AGR to administer or enforce the terms of that agreement. agreement organization The City of Agri in Turkey. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a7/Agri_districts.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/A%C4%9Fr%C4%B1_Turkey_Provinces_locator.jpg agri turkey agricultural chemicals issue agricultural expansion issue AgriculturalProduct is the subclass of OrganicThing that comprises the products of agricultural activity. agricultural product agricultural sector Agriculture is a class of Processes in which land, plants, or animals are cultivated in order to produce food or other organic products. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/RegaderaMetalica.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/Ueberladewagen.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/26/KerbauJawa.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/Cropscientist.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/Fields_of_gold.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7b/Erosion.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8a/Agriculture_%28Plowing%29_CNE-v1-p58-H.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8d/Gorgeous_Cow_1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/Coffee_Plantation.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/75/2005gdpAgricultural.PNG agriculture agriculture based economy (AgricultureFn ?PRODUCT) denotes the subclass of Agriculture processes in which the AgriculturalProduct ?PRODUCT is cultivated. agriculture An Attribute of an Organization, that specifies that the primary business of the organization involves Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting. agriculture forestry fishing and hunting AGQ The AguanoLanguage is a language of unknown classification from Peru. SIL code: AGA. ISO 639-2: sai. Population: In 1959 there were 40 families in Santa Cruz de Huallaga who did not use Aguano but were members of the ethnic group. Region: Lower Huallaga and upper Samiria rivers, the right bank tributary of the Maranon River. Alternate names: UGUANO, AGUANU, AWANO, SANTA CRUCINO. Comments: Ruhlen says this is the same as Chamicuro (1987, personal communication). Chamicuro speakers say they were not the same, but the Aguano spoke Quechua (M. R. Wise SIL 1987, personal communication). Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aguano language The AguarunaLanguage is a JivaroanLanguage of Peru. SIL code: AGR. ISO 639-2: sai. Population: 35,000 to 39,000 (1998 SIL). Region: Western upper Maranon River area, Potro, Mayo and Cahuapanas rivers. Alternate names: AGUAJUN, AHUAJUN. Comments: Bilingual level estimates for Spanish are 0 35%, 1 20%, 2 20%, 3 15%, 4 9.9%, 5 .1%. Dictionary. Grammar. SOV. Literacy rate in first language: 60% to 100%. Literacy rate in second language: 50% to 75%. Tropical forest. Mountain slope. Swidden agriculturalists: manioc, bananas, peanuts, wild potatoes, hunter-gatherers. 200 to 1,000 meters. NT 1973.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/Aguarunas.jpg aguaruna language AGU AGJ An AhmadiyyaMuslim is one who subscribes to the beliefs of the AhmadiyyaSect of Islam. ahmadiyya muslim AMD AHS AWZ AIK AIL AIP AIM Half a million Chahar Aimaqs, whose origin is vague, live in Afghanistan west of the Hazarajat in the region between Mazar-i-Sharif, Herat and Bamiyan triangle. aimak ethnicity The AimaqLanguage is a PersianLanguage of Afghanistan. SIL code: AIQ. ISO 639-2: ira. Population: 480,000 in Afghanistan (1993) including 1,000 Jamshidi (1978 MARC). Population total all countries: 800,000 (1980 Dupree). Region: West of the Hazara, central northwest Afghanistan, eastern Iran, and Tajikistan (Jamshidi and Khazara). Also spoken in Iran, Tajikistan. Alternate names: BARBARI, BERBERI, CHAHAR-AIMAQ, CHAR AIMAQ. Dialects: TAIMURI (TEIMURI, TIMURI, TAIMOURI), TAIMANI, ZOHRI (ZURI), JAMSHIDI (JAMSHEDI, DJAMCHIDI, YEMCHIDI, DZHEMSHID), FIROZKOHI, MALIKI, MIZMAST, CHINGHIZI, ZAINAL. Comments: Dialect names listed are as much or more ethnic names. Dari Persian dialects with some Turkic and Mongolian elements, possibly quite distinct. 'Barbari' and 'Berberi' are also applied to Hazara people in and around Mashad, Iran. Investigation needed: intelligibility with related varieties. Literacy rate in second language: 5% to 15%. Agriculturalists, pastoralists. Hanafi Sunni Muslim. Also spoken in: Iran. (Language name: AIMAQ.) Population: 170,000 (1993 Johnstone). Dialects: TEIMURI (TEIMURTASH).(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aimaq language The City of AinDefla in Algeria. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/A�n_Defla_Location.PNG/180px-A�n_Defla_Location.PNG ain defla algeria CZL The City of AinElHajar in Algeria. ain el hajar algeria ANW The AinuJapaneseLanguage is a language isolate spoken in Japan. SIL code: AIN. ISO 639-2: mis. Population: 15 active speakers (1996 Alexander Vovin). In the ethnic group: 15,000 in Japan. Population total both countries 15. Region: Kuril Islands (Tsishima), Hokkaido. Formerly also on south Sakhalin Island, Russia. Alternate names: AINU ITAK. Dialects: TSISHIMA, SAKHALIN. Comments: The last speaker of Sakhalin dialect died in 1994. There were at least 19 dialects. Bilingualism in Japanese. Most of the people speak only Japanese and are integrated into Japanese culture. The Ainu in China is a different, unrelated language. SOV. Nearly extinct. NT 1897. Also spoken in: Russia (Asia). (Language name: AINU.) Dialects: SAKHALIN (SAGHILIN), TARAIKA, HOKKAIDO (EZO, YEZO), KURIL (SHIKOTAN). Comments: Ainu has not been determined to be related linguistically to any other language. Sources list up to 19 dialects. The last speaker of Sakhalin dialect died in 1994. Except for 15 speakers (1996), the Ainu in Japan speak Japanese. The Ainu spoken in China is a different, unrelated language. Nearly extinct. NT 1897.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/AinuCeremonialDress.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/AinuManStilflied.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d7/AinuGroup.JPG ainu japanese language The AinuTurkishLanguage is an EasternTurkicLanguage of China. SIL code: AIB. ISO 639-2: tut. Population 5,000 (1988). Region: Yengixar (Shule) town, Hanalik and Paynap villages in the Kashgar area, and Gewoz village near Hoban, Hetian, Luopu, Moyu, Shache, Yingjisha and Shulekuche counties of southwestern Xinjiang Autonomous Region. Alternate names: AYNU, AINI, ABDAL. Comments: The language has the same grammar as Uyghur but much Persian vocabulary. Some consider it to be a dialect of Uyghur, others to be an Iranian language heavily influenced by Uyghur. The government counts them as Uyghur. They speak Aynu in the family, but Uyghur to outsiders. The Uyghur despise them and call them 'Abdal' or 'beggar.' They do not intermarry with the Uyghur. Different from the Ainu spoken in Russia and Japan. Caste of circumcisers.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) ainu turkic language AIE AEO Air is the gaseous stuff that makes up the atmosphere surrounding Earth. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7a/Atmosphere_gas_proportions.svg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/be/Top_of_Atmosphere.jpg air A missile that attacks targets in the air. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6e/288a-SA-6-GAINFUL.jpg air attack missile air attack missile KUZ OSN AirForce is the subclass of MilitaryService that comprises military air forces. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/India.Military.03.jpg air force A modern nation-states' air forces (the whole branch of service) and not a subdivision thereof. air force- branch of service A missile launched from the air. air launch missile air launched missile BCS The obtaining of information by air photography, divided into three types: a. Strategic photographic reconnaissance b. Tactical photographic reconnaissance and c. Survey/cartographic photography-air photography taken for survey/ cartographical purposes and to survey/cartographic standards of accuracy. It may be strategic or tactical. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/ec/CPonte_Predator2.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1f/CBP_unmanned_aerial_vehicle_control.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/2e/GlobalHawk.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/Globalhawk.750pix.jpg air photographic reconnaissance air photographic reconnaissance AirPollution is the subclass of Pollution processes in which air is contaminated. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/AirPollutionSource.jpg air pollution air pollution- nitrogen oxides protocol air pollution- peristent organic pollutants protocol air pollution- sulphur85 protocol air pollution- sulphur94 protocol air pollution- volatile organic compounds protocol http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7c/Los_Angeles_Pollution.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b7/Cairo_in_smog.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d9/Dust_Storm_Texas_1935.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/5/52/BurningOffFieldsInTheEveningInSouthGeorgia.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/Gaussian_Plume.png air pollution convention http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/ff/Air_.pollution_1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0c/Acid_rain_woods1.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/75/Gavin_Plant.JPG air pollution issue The acquisition of information by employing visual observation and/or sensors in air vehicles. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/ec/CPonte_Predator2.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1f/CBP_unmanned_aerial_vehicle_control.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/Globalhawk.750pix.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Radarvliegtuig%2803%29.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Canberra.arp.750pix.jpg air reconnaissance air reconnaissance An AirRoute is a region of air space that can be travelled between points by an air TransportationDevice. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/39/Airline_hub-1995.jpg air route AirStream is the class of FlowRegions that consist of air. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Diagrama_de_formacion_de_la_brisa-breeze.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/6c/SeaBreeze.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/Antonow_An_70_prop_detail_rvb_jno_MACS_2001_0037.03.jpg http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/weather/windy_2.png air stream The subclass of Transitways that are through the EarthsAtmosphere. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/13/FGSQE.jpg/250px-FGSQE.jpg air transitway Any instance of Transportation where the instrument is an Aircraft and which is through an AtmosphericRegion. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/signs_symbol/BW/air_transportation.png air transportation An Attribute of an Organization, that specifies that the primary business of the organization involves Air Transportation. air transportation industry ILN Any Vehicle which is capable of AirTransportation. Note that this class covers both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/ELAL_747-200_4X-AHQ_EPWA_24_08_2004.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/Airbus_A380_blue_sky.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/17/Aircraft_at_LHR_Terminal_3-2.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/63/Hercules_aircraft.jpg/800px-Hercules_aircraft.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8e/Royal_Aircraft_Factory_S.E.5_replica.jpg/800px-Royal_Aircraft_Factory_S.E.5_replica.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/63/Collection_of_military_aircraft.jpg/748px-Collection_of_military_aircraft.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/98/Stairs_on_aircraft.JPG/800px-Stairs_on_aircraft.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/37/Air_Italy_B752_I-AIGA.jpg/250px-Air_Italy_B752_I-AIGA.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e6/Eclipse_program_QF-106_aircraft_in_flight,_view_from_tanker.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4e/X-31_in_Flight_with_F-18_case_aircraft.jpg/674px-X-31_in_Flight_with_F-18_case_aircraft.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d5/Aircraft_VAK191B_top.jpg/636px-Aircraft_VAK191B_top.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Junkers_Ju_52_troop_carrying_aircraft_flying_low_over_the_island.jpg/408px-Junkers_Ju_52_troop_carrying_aircraft_flying_low_over_the_island.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Aircraft_Boelkow_209.jpg/800px-Aircraft_Boelkow_209.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/04/Thai_Airways_aircraft.jpg/800px-Thai_Airways_aircraft.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Aircraft_VJ101C_top.jpg/800px-Aircraft_VJ101C_top.jpg 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http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/it/thumb/e/ef/Macchi_M.C.202D_prototype.jpg/340px-Macchi_M.C.202D_prototype.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/ba/Aircraft_wing_sundown_Airbus.JPG/800px-Aircraft_wing_sundown_Airbus.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ab/Tu-116_in_Ulyanovsk_Aircraft_Museum.JPG/800px-Tu-116_in_Ulyanovsk_Aircraft_Museum.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/22/Swiss_aircraft.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0e/DOD_mobile_aircraft_firefighting_training_device.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Naval_Aircraft_Factory_PN9.jpg/798px-Naval_Aircraft_Factory_PN9.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6f/NASA_Proteus_aircraft_in_flight.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5b/Ideic5.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/Ultralight_aircraft_-_AirExpo_Muret_2007_0131_2007-05-12.jpg/800px-Ultralight_aircraft_-_AirExpo_Muret_2007_0131_2007-05-12.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Alliance_Air_aircraft_landing_in_New_Delhi.JPG/800px-Alliance_Air_aircraft_landing_in_New_Delhi.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Several_A-6_aircraft_parked_with_EA-6_and_S-3_aboard_CV-67.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/US_Air_Force_C-17_Globemaster_III_aircraft.jpg/800px-US_Air_Force_C-17_Globemaster_III_aircraft.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7d/Israel_Aircraft_Industries_1125_Astra_SPX_D-CRIS_in_DUS.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a7/Aircraft_X-31_Deutsches_Museum.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/Lufthansa.a320-200.d-aipa.arp.jpg/800px-Lufthansa.a320-200.d-aipa.arp.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Aircraft_wing_flaps_full_airbrakes_dsc06838.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/12/USCG_Animation_of_aircraft.gif http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/86/Aircraft_Deicing_Syracuse.jpg/800px-Aircraft_Deicing_Syracuse.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c7/GuGB.JPG/180px-GuGB.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ce/US_Air_Force_U-2_reconnaissance_aircraft.jpg/800px-US_Air_Force_U-2_reconnaissance_aircraft.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Atlantis_on_Shuttle_Carrier_Aircraft.jpg aircraft A MilitaryShip on which MilitaryAircraft can land and take off. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/armed_services/Navy/aircraft_carrier_3.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/83/USS_Tripoli_LPH10_a.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bd/INS_Viraat_%28R22%29_Malabar_07.jpg aircraft carrier WSY AIC Airplane is the subclass of Aircraft that are fixed-wing aircraft which carry their own power sources. Airplane includes jet airplanes and propeller planes, but not gliders. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/transportation/planes/airplane.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/Airbus_A380_blue_sky.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/Air_Koryo_IL-62M_P-881.JPG/300px-Air_Koryo_IL-62M_P-881.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8c/Comet_1.jpg/250px-Comet_1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d2/C-GBYN_Adlair_Aviation_Ltd_Beechcraft_King_Air_200_%28BE20%29_03.JPG/220px-C-GBYN_Adlair_Aviation_Ltd_Beechcraft_King_Air_200_%28BE20%29_03.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Avro_Lancaster_B_I_PA474.jpg/280px-Avro_Lancaster_B_I_PA474.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cc/Luft.a300b4.d-aias.750pix..jpg/300px-Luft.a300b4.d-aias.750pix..jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Concorde_216_(G-BOAF)_last_flight.jpg/300px-Concorde_216_(G-BOAF)_last_flight.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Lockheed_Constellation_N749NL_Aviodrome.JPG/350px-Lockheed_Constellation_N749NL_Aviodrome.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c5/Gimli_Glider_today.jpg/250px-Gimli_Glider_today.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/37/KLMS.jpg/250px-KLMS.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Ec01-0129-17.jpg/260px-Ec01-0129-17.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/A380_takeoff.ogg/mid-A380_takeoff.ogg.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7d/Tailpiece.jpg/180px-Tailpiece.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/06/Concorde_on_Bristol.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5e/Superconstellation_movie.ogg/mid-Superconstellation_movie.ogg.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Tu-144-schoenefeld.jpg/300px-Tu-144-schoenefeld.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a9/A350xwb.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Tu154_-_011_by_Joymaster.JPG/300px-Tu154_-_011_by_Joymaster.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2a/Rossiya.tu-154m.ra-85779.arp.jpg/300px-Rossiya.tu-154m.ra-85779.arp.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/KLM.Fokker_F50.jpg/300px-KLM.Fokker_F50.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/Boeing_787_Roll-out.jpg/250px-Boeing_787_Roll-out.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Tu-144.jpg/250px-Tu-144.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/A380_Reveal_1.jpg/300px-A380_Reveal_1.jpg airplane Airport is the subclass of TransitTerminals for Airplanes (fixed-wing Aircraft). http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/Airport_overhead.jpg/180px-Airport_overhead.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4e/Flughafen_Frankfurt_am_Main.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/HFX_Airport_4.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a1/Vasi-1.JPG airport AirportByRunwaySurface is a subclass of AirportClassification attributes used to describe an airport according to the surface type of its longest runway. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Runway_diagram.svg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/0b/Bogrunway.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/RunwayDiagram.png airport by runway surface AirportClassification is a class of Attributes for representing systems that categorize Airports according to some criteria. There are several such systems, including the International Civil Aviation Organization categories A to E, based on runway lengths, the Federal Aviation Administration system associated with airport functions, and the airport categorization by runway length used in the CIA World Fact Book. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/O%27Hare_International_Airport_%28USGS%29.png airport classification AirportWithPavedRunway is an AirportClassification attribute used to describe an airport whose longest runway is a PavedRunway. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4e/Flughafen_Frankfurt_am_Main.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/HFX_Airport_4.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a1/Vasi-1.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/KLM_777_pushback.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0f/Airport_overhead.jpg airport with paved runway AirportWithUnpavedRunway is an AirportClassification attribute used to describe an airport whose longest runway is an UnpavedRunway. airport with unpaved runway The class of Transitways used to transport Air to a location where it is absent or insufficient. airway AHL ATP AIT CMF AYU AJL The City of Ajaccio in France. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Porto_Ajacio.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/Ajaccio.jpg ajaccio france QAJ The AkaBeaLanguage is a CentralGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: ACE. ISO 639-2: mis. Region: Andaman Islands, coasts of South Andaman Island except northeast coast, and north and east interiors, coastal Rutland Island except south coast, small islands southeast of Rutland, and Labyrinth Islands. Alternate names: BEA, BEADA, BIADA, AKA-BEADA, BOJIGNIJI, BOGIJIAB, BOJIGYAB. Comments: Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aka bea language The AkaBoLanguage is a NorthernGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: AKM. ISO 639-2: mis. Region: Andaman Islands, east central coast of North Andaman Island, and North Reef Island. Alternate names: BO, BA. Comments: Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aka bo language The AkaCariLanguage is a NorthernGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: ACI. ISO 639-2: mis. Region: Andaman Islands, north coast of North Andaman Island, Landfall Island, and other nearby small islands. Alternate names: CARI, CHARIAR. Comments Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aka cari language The AkaJeruLanguage is a NorthernGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: AKJ. ISO 639-2: mis. Region: Andaman Islands, interior and south North Andaman Island, and Sound Island. Alternate names: JERU, YERAWA. Comments: Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aka jeru language The AkaKedeLanguage is a CentralGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: AKX. ISO 639-2: mis. Region: Andaman Islands, central and north central Middle Andaman Island. Alternate names: KEDE. Comments: Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aka kede language The AkaKolLanguage is a CentralGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: AKY. ISO 639-2: mis. Region: Andaman Islands, southeast Middle Andaman Island. Alternate names: KOL. Comments: Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aka kol language The AkaKoraLanguage is a NorthernGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: ACK. ISO 639-2: mis. Region: Andaman Islands, northeast and north central coasts of North Andaman Island, and Smith Island. Alternate names: KORA. Comments: Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) aka kora language AkanLanguage is a subclass of NigerCongoLanguage. The HumanLanguages that are instances of AkanLanguage are spoken mainly by related peoples in Ghana and eastern CoteDIvoire. The AkarBaleLanguage is a CentralGreatAndamaneseLanguage of India. SIL code: ACL. ISO 639-2: mis. Region: Andaman Islands, Ritchie's Archipelago, Havelock Island, Neill Island. Alternate names: BALE, BALWA. Comments: Extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) akar bale language AKK KKI AKI AKE AXT AJJ LAK AKD CAK AKO AKT AKU AKV AKR AEY KQA AAN AAC ABT The City of AlBalamand in Lebanon. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/35/Balamand%2C_the_pearl_of_the_East_%282%29.JPG al balamand lebanon AYY DFA AAY XWP AGA SOR A state in the southeastern UnitedStates that borders on the GulfOfMexico. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/geography/US_States/alabama.png alabama The AlabamaLanguage is an EasternMuskogeanLanguage of the UnitedStates. SIL code: AKZ. ISO 639-2: nai. Population: 256 speakers (1990 census), out of an ethnic group of 500 to 600 (1990 Heather Hardy). Region: Alabama-Coushatta Reservation near Livingston in southeastern Texas. No speakers left in Oklahoma. Alternate names: ALIBAMU. Comments: Less than 50% cognate with Koasati. Bilingualism in English.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/87/Map_of_Alabama_terrain_NA.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bb/Alabama.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Alabama_quarter%2C_reverse_side%2C_2003.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/14/Alabama_population_map.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Alabama_state_seal.png alabama language An AlacalufanLanguage is either of two languages found in the Chile that form a family of languages apparently unrelated to others. One of these two is now extinct.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) alacalufan language QGS AAV AUK NGZ ALM XAL The largest state in the UnitedStates. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/geography/US_States/alaska.png alaska The Nation of Albania. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/geography/Country_Maps/A/albania.png 16 albania An AlbanianLanguage is any of four closely related IndoEuropeanLanguages spoken in Albania and nearby countries.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/Albanian_language_map.jpg albanian language http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/cd/Pjeter_Bogdani_banknote.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7a/Albania_2006_circulating_coins.jpg albanian lek ALB NAB ALH ALL OAJ AEL SPG CPE FEP LBI ABN BVN BUK ABQ ABX OrganicCompounds that are produced from hydrocarbons by distillation. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7c/Etanol.jpg alcohol Any Beverage that contains Alcohol. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ba/Vodka%2C_Finlandia.jpg alcoholic beverage AYH WCY ADH BFS ACI LEG ALQ The City of AleiSinai in GazaStrip. alei sinai gaza strip The City of AleiZahav in WestBank. alei zahav west bank WKK Of the eight UpperGermanLanguages, three are classified as an AlemannicLanguage.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/Karte_limes.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9b/Alamannien_Hochburgund_ca_1000.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Alemanni_expansion.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/16/Alemannic_speaking_area.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ca/Alemannisch.png alemannic language The AlemannischLanguage is an AlemannicLanguage of Switzerland (Alsatian). SIL code: GSW. ISO 639-2: gem. Population: 4,215,000 in Switzerland, 63.6% of the population (1990 census). Population total all countries: 6,044,000 or more. Region: Central, south central, north central, northeast, and eastern cantons. Also spoken in Austria, France, Germany, Liechtenstein. Alternate names: SCHWYZERDUTSCH. Dialects: BERN (BARNDUTSCH), ZURICH, LUCERNE, BASEL, OBWALD, APPENZEL, ST. GALLEN, GRAUBENDEN-GRISONS (VALSERISCH), WALLIS. Comments: Swiss varieties are High Alemannisch (most) and Highest Alemannisch (several in central Switzerland). Not functionally intelligible to speakers of Standard German. Each canton has a separate variety, many of which are unintelligible to each others' speakers. Only a few of the 20 to 70 varieties are listed as dialects (subdialects). Close to Schwabish in south central Germany. All speakers are actively or passively bilingual in Standard German. Standard German is the language of instruction in school. There is an important literature. Used in some schools and churches. 93.3% of German speakers in Switzerland speak a Swiss German dialect, and 66.4% speak dialect only, and no High German (1990 census). 72% of the entire population of Switzerland speak Schwyzerdutsch every day (1990 census). They have a strong social function, being used to maintain the borders of regions or cantons, or even to keep one village different from another. They also draw the line between Germans, Swiss, and Austrians. Called 'Schwytzertutsch' in Switzerland, and 'Alsatian' in France. Grammar. NT 1984. Also spoken in: Austria. (Language name: ALEMANNISCH.) Population: 300,000 in Austria (1991 Annemarie Schmidt). Alternate names: ALEMANNIC. Dialects: HIGH ALEMANNISCH (HOCHALEMANNISCH). Comments: Similar to Swabian. Called 'Schwyzerdutsch' in Switzerland and 'Alsatian' in southeastern France. NT 1984. See main entry under Switzerland. Also spoken in: France. (Language name: ALEMANNISCH.) Population: 1,500,000 in France (J.A. Hawkins in B. Comrie 1988). Alternate names: ALEMANNIC. Dialects: ALSATIAN (ALSACIEN, ELSAESSISCH). Comments: No standard form of Alsatian, but a variety of village dialects. All speakers do not necessarily understand or read Standard German, but most are bilingual in French. Bilingualism in Standard French varies from 79% to 90% of the population in the different regions. Standard German is taught in some primary schools, and used in local newspapers. Called 'Schwyzerdutsch' in Switzerland and 'Alemannisch' in Austria and parts of Germany. Christian. NT 1984. Also spoken in: Germany. (Language name: ALEMANNISCH.) Alternate names: ALEMANNIC. Dialects: LOW ALEMANNISCH, HIGH ALEMANNISCH. Comments: Varieties in Germany include Low and High Alemannisch. Approximately 40% inherent intelligibility with Standard German. Close to 'Schwyzerdutsch' in Switzerland. 'Alsatian' in northeastern France. Similar to Swabian. Speakers are bilingual in Standard German. NT 1984. Also spoken in: Liechtenstein. (Language name: ALEMANNISCH.) Population: 29,000. Alternate names: ALEMANNIC, SCHWYZERDUTSCH, SCHWYTZERTUETSCH. Dialects: HIGH ALEMANNISCH. Comments: Bilingualism in Standard German. Spoken by the majority of the people in the country. NT 1984.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ca/Alemannisch.png alemannisch language ALT ALP YAL YLT ALD A Class containing all of the Attributes relating to the notions of possibility and necessity. alethic attribute ALJ ISW STX ALR ALY ESF AEX AXL AXD The City of Aley in Lebanon. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Lebanon_governorates_color.png/200px-Lebanon_governorates_color.png aley lebanon http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Lucerne_flowers.jpg/800px-Lucerne_flowers.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/Lucerne_flowers.jpg alfalfa CLO FJR A chiefly aquatic plant that contains chlorophyll, but does not form embryos during development and lacks vascular tissue. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7d/Laurencia.jpg/747px-Laurencia.jpg alga algebraic equation or set of equations http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/SCD_algebraic_notation.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/math/f/2/e/f2e38c88cae1f0bc338178a54ebf7952.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/math/0/4/1/0418609800d9bad9f3e87b767862ec3f.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/math/d/7/4/d748b22f84523526c28eab9116ba9fe7.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/math/b/9/d/b9d158104eefa612e3b5e13174a2222b.png algebraic attribute An Equation that is not a DifferentialEquation algebraic equation Set of both differential and algebraic equations algebro differential attribute The Nation of Algeria. http://www.adampease.org/Articulate/SUMOpictures/pictures/geography/Country_Maps/A/Algeria.png republic 28 algeria http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1f/Algeria_2006_circulating_coins.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/87/200dzd2.jpg algerian dinar AlgerianSignLanguage is a DeafSignLanguage of Algeria. SIL code: ASP. ISO 639-2: sgn. Population: No estimate available. Comments: It has influenced the deaf community in Oujda in northern Morocco.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/Constantine_Algerien_002.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/Abdelaziz_Bouteflika_2001.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/Kabylia-3lingual_sign.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e9/Casbah_alger.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Desert_Flower_NGM-v31-p261.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/25/Algeria_wilayas.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/21/Lengua_de_Signos_%28Bonet%2C_1620%29_B%2C_C%2C_D.jpg algerian sign language An AlgicLanguage is any one of 40 languages forming a major family of languages.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/Algic_langs.png algic language The City of Algiers in Algeria. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8a/Algiers_location.svg/175px-Algiers_location.svg.png algiers algeria AXG QSS AII ALC ZAA ALI ASP ALZ AJO A ChemicalBase found in some Plants that has physiological and psychological effects. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Caffeine.png alkaloid The City of AlkhanYurt in Russia. alkhan yurt russia IXD BLM AET ADY AGC Of the eight UpperGermanLanguages, one is classified as an AllemannicLanguage.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) allemannic language BIG ABE AIA YTF ALA QYL AMJ LEI REL http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/Almonds02.jpg almond nut Aloes is the class of PlantAgriculturalProducts that are dried juice of the Aloe plant. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2b/Aloe_parvula.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3d/Koeh-007.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/Babosa1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/67/Aloe_vossii_-_plant_%28aka%29.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/Aloe_hereroensis_Auob_C15.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8c/Aloe_striatula_1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/Aloe_saponaria_3.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ac/Aloe_saponaria_1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c2/Split_Aloe.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/K%C3%B6cherbaum_K%C3%B6cherbaumwald_01.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Aloe_aristata.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ef/Aloe_peglerae01.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/3a/Aloes_on_N6_Route.jpg aloes The City of AlonMoreh in WestBank. alon moreh west bank IXV ARD AOR AWE AHZ APN ABH Any Character that is comprised of a single alphabetical character, e.g. A, B, C, D, ... http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Caslon-schriftmusterblatt.jpeg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/87/ZographensisColour.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/35/Zhuyin_on_cell_phone_detail.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/Ba%60alat.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9d/Writing_systems_worldwide.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7d/Latin_A.png/436px-Latin_A.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/33/Latin_B.png/435px-Latin_B.png http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Latin_C.png/407px-Latin_C.png alphabetic character ALE AYD ALF AFL YAE An AltaicLanguage is any one of 65 languages forming a major family of languages.(extract from http://www.ethnologue.com/) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/2006-07_altaj_belucha.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fd/Kyzyl_orkhon_inscription.jpg altaic language ATM AAT AOC A Device that measures the vertical distance to the some reference point of the surface below. This may be the mean sea level or the actual surface of the earth. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/3-Pointer_Altimeter.svg/180px-3-Pointer_Altimeter.svg.png altimeter altimeter The vertical distance of a level, a point or an object considered as a point, measured from mean sea level. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7e/Vertical_distances.png altitude measure AME WAP ARR APY AWN